The 3RCC recommends that a first course dedicated to the 3Rs principle should be part of the core courses at the Bachelor level of Swiss universities. This recommendation is the outcome of a survey conducted on currently existing educational programmes in Switzerland, and based on the outcome of the survey conducted in fall 2018 on gaps and opportunities for implementing the 3Rs in Switzerland. The courses could for example be part of the core courses at the Bachelor level in life sciences, bioengineering, medical, veterinary, environment, agricultural sciences and pharmacy. During the courses, students will acquire knowledge on the 3Rs and ethical principles, Swiss animal welfare legislation, ethical responsibility and scientific rigour as well as have examples of refinement, reduction and replacement methodologies. 3RCC recommendations.